13 Oct Was The Paris Climate Agreement Successful
The PA remains the main means of coordinating climate policy at the international level. Given our results, the PA`s chances of achieving its goals seem slim. However, the PA enshrines the role of national, regional and local mitigation and leaves it to governments, businesses and citizens to implement the policies and behavioural changes needed to combat climate change. Unlike the previous Kyoto Protocol, it does not define who should do what, but provides a platform through which all these actors can communicate, cooperate and learn from each other. Therefore, it may be unwise to assess PA primarily on the basis of efficacy criteria; Especially since it may be a legally binding solution, with drastically reduced participation. Perhaps most importantly, the PA (and the UNFCCC in general) provides a forum for multilateral and multi-stage exchanges in which all countries have a voice, and the fight against climate change remains the main objective. At the closing session of the Paris climate negotiations on Saturday night, the debate room was full and the atmosphere tense. Ministers from 196 countries sat behind their country`s placards, attendees flocked in droves, with observers in the crowded room. Kumi Naidoo, executive director of Greenpeace International, summed up this sentiment: “It sometimes seems that UN countries cannot agree on anything, but nearly 200 countries have joined forces and agreed on an agreement. Today, humanity has joined a common cause.
The Paris Agreement is only one step in a long way, and there are parties that frustrate me, that disappoint me, but it is progress. The agreement alone will not get us out of the hole we are in, but it makes the sides less stiff. One way around this was the formation of a “high-ambition coalition,” announced three days before Friday`s deadline. Forged by the small island states – Tony de Brum of the Marshall Islands – and by the EU, many least developed countries, which have come together in more than 100 nations, have joined it. They could then negotiate together, with an agreed common interest. Before the end, the United States, Canada and Australia had joined this coalition. EU Climate and Energy Commissioner Miguel Cañete hailed it as a key factor in the final agreement. Since Mr Trump`s announcement, US envoys have continued to participate – as planned – in UN climate negotiations in order to shore up the details of the deal. Meanwhile, thousands of leaders nationwide have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of federal climate leadership, reflecting the will of the vast majority of Americans who support the Paris Agreement.
There has been a wave of participation among city and state officials, business leaders, universities, and individuals in initiatives such as America`s Pledge, the U.S. Climate Alliance, We Are Still In, and the American Cities Climate Challenge. Complementary and sometimes overlapping movements aim to deepen and accelerate efforts to combat climate change at local, regional and national levels. Each of these efforts is focused on the U.S. working toward the goals of the Paris Agreement, despite Trump`s attempts to steer the country in the opposite direction. .