27 Sep Mayflower Agreement
Collins, Ron. “The overview of the pilgrims.” MayflowerFamilies.com www.mayflowerfamilies.com/colonial_life/pilgrims.htm. On the Looking Glass site in www.mayflowerfamilies.com, you`ll find a variety of information about colonial life, the Mayflower Compact, Mayflower passengers, and Native Americans. The website also includes the Document Center for access to information on various New England and Early American documents. So the settlers designed the Mayflower Pact when they arrived. The pact signed by 41 men on board was a cooperation agreement for the good of the colony. They would address the issues by voting, establishing constitutional law and governing by majority. The 1620 agreement (first called the Mayflower Compact in 1793) was a legal instrument that united pilgrims together when they arrived in New England. The essential members of the immigrant group of pilgrims were separatists, members of a Puritan sect that had separated from the Church of England, the only legal church in England at that time. Other members of the group, however, remained in the Church of England, so not all pilgrims shared the same religion. After a 65-day sea voyage, the pilgrims made their way to Cape Cod on November 19, 1620. Unable to reach the land initially agreed upon, they kegré on 21 November instead of Provincetown (Collins).
Many boasted that “no one had the power to command them,” openly proclaimed, “If they landed, they would use their own freedom, for no one had the power to command them, the patent they had for Virginia and not for New England, which belonged to another government with which the Virginia Company had nothing to do” (Cline 2003). Differences of opinion on governance issues led to the development of the pact. The original document is not retained. He first appeared in Mourt`s Relation, a pamphlet about the first year of Plimoth`s colonization. In 1669, Nathaniel Morton, a historian of the city of Plymouth, wrote the agreement in his book of the New England Memorial. Interestingly, he added a possible list of the men who signed it, although these men`s names did not appear in previous copies of the Mayflower Pact. According to Morton, the document was signed by 41 of the male passengers – all but one of the free men, three of the five enlisted men and two of the nine servants. The Mayflower Pact as a written agreement of the signatories “in the presence of God and the other, covenant and uniting us to a civilian body politic” (Pilgrim Hall Museum 2001). .